A utilitarian approach to abortion

This may result from financial issues or just the general unpreparedness to having a child that is not wanted.

Contraception and abortion a utilitarian view

Globally there are more than 15 million girls between the ages of 15 and 19 who give birth every year, with an additional 5 million who have abortions WHO, New York: Pearson Custom Publishing. Killing a man who is possibly innocent or keep them alive but they may not be innocent. Classics of Political and Moral Philosophy. Abortion by definition is the termination of a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of a fetus or embryo from the uterus resulting in its death. The other main view today is pro-life, which states under no circumstance may a life be taken away. The parents and extended family are also a component of abortion that must be considered under the utilitarian method of ethics. He does however feel that individuals should be rational enough to realize whether an event will have favorable or unfavorable outcomes Qizilbash, This becomes a disadvantage because the fetus is not allowed any rights nor is it granted happiness because at this stage it does not experience a cognitive rational thought process. Almost everyone is glad to be alive. Those who intend on having a child are doing so under careful consideration and thus happiness should prevail.

So if increasing the human population is the aim, this can be achieved more effectively elsewhere. Most would think that the best place to begin this discussion would be from the prospects of the fetus itself however, that is not always the case.

utilitarian abortion reddit

This sentiment goes the distance in explaining the type of utilitarianism Mill promoted. So Utility is generally against abortion only when it is generally for raising the population, in which case the obligation on the woman with the unwanted pregnancy not to have an abortion is not so very much greater that than that upon the average woman to get herself pregnant.

This ethical issue today is usually split in two groups, one of these views being pro-choice, giving the option to have an abortion to the family of the fetus.

Abortion and utilitarianism pdf

No, because, if everybody were utilitarian, these problems would not exist to the same degree. There are two tempting routes: 1. Mill, J. The Interpretation of Maximizing Utilitarianism. Rule utilitarianism then becomes a method for judging various behaviors. For instance, let us consider the case of parents that are faced with having a baby that would become a disadvantage over a period of time. Boss deconstructs the argument supporting legalized abortion on the basis that it is beneficial to children in general. Killing a man who is possibly innocent or keep them alive but they may not be innocent. Argue that each unwanted child has large negative social effects, even though people are eager to adopt. If so, since we are critically examining the issue, she should change her prima facie principles. Now that we have a broad prospective on how the utilitarian theory works in accordance to the topic of abortion we must further this discussion and apply the fundamental aspects of a variety of different theorists to the topic of abortion. His focus is on the greatest good for the overall greatest number of people and also includes the Hedonistic Calculus Theory which was extremely helpful in representing his position on abortion. Abortion This essay is an analysis of abortion in utilitarian terms. The amount required to raise one child in a developed country could raise, at a guess, at least a dozen in a poorer part of the world. In better circumstances this may change, but by such time the issue will likely be irrelevant anyway: pregnancy will likely be subject to much stricter controls but probably not for Russell's reasons.

In better circumstances this may change, but by such time the issue will likely be irrelevant anyway: pregnancy will likely be subject to much stricter controls but probably not for Russell's reasons.

Katz, D.

utilitarianism and abortion pro-choice

As is the case with many issues in a utilitarian system, the rightness or wrongness of the act in question turns mainly not on the effects of the act on the agent, nor on the being s directly affected by the act, but on the less direct effects on the community at large.

His focus is on the greatest good for the overall greatest number of people and also includes the Hedonistic Calculus Theory which was extremely helpful in representing his position on abortion.

Why utilitarianism is the best

There is a long waiting list — hence excess demand — to adopt healthy infants, so birth mothers need not raise their unwanted children. In this way there were times when abortion would be permitted and other times when abortion would be strictly prohibited. Utilitas, 18 1 , The amount required to raise one child in a developed country could raise, at a guess, at least a dozen in a poorer part of the world. This becomes a disadvantage because the fetus is not allowed any rights nor is it granted happiness because at this stage it does not experience a cognitive rational thought process. As is the case with many issues in a utilitarian system, the rightness or wrongness of the act in question turns mainly not on the effects of the act on the agent, nor on the being s directly affected by the act, but on the less direct effects on the community at large. Mill between Aristotle and Bentham. No, because, if everybody were utilitarian, these problems would not exist to the same degree.

In this we weigh the pros and cons of each situation at hand.

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