Aids such a deadly disease essay
However, the effect of drug treatment modalities on the rate of HIV transmission is currently limited by laws in many countries that prohibit or restrict the use of methadone maintenance or other drug substitution strategies.
This intervention enables people to know their HIV status and provides counseling support to help them cope with the outcome.
In the absence of studies to guide the level of investment in IEC, the only reasonable alternative seems to be to implement IEC on the basis of data derived from relative levels of knowledge and understanding in the population.
Such interventions have generally been found to be effective in reducing unsafe behaviors.
Brazil, which has reduced the incidence of HIV and kept HIV prevalence from reaching projected levels, has relied on strong official support for harm reduction as a cornerstone of its national prevention program Mesquita and others So that people do not become complacent and forget that AIDS is still very much a player in the deadly diseases field various awareness initiatives have been undertaken, the most prominent of which is World AIDS Day — a day when people show their solidarity with those who are afflicted with this disease and remember those who were struck down by it.
Prevention-Care Synergy In addition to the benefits antiretroviral therapy has for the individual being treated Komanduri and others ; Ledergerber and othersit almost certainly has other effects on populations where therapy is widely available.
Types of aids
Once the disease has progressed to the stage where it is more or less full blown AIDS, a patient becomes much more vulnerable to various other diseases such as tuberculosis. Like many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda experienced a rapid increase in HIV incidence and a generalization of the epidemic in the late s and early s. Support for patients and families can have a positive effect on adherence to therapies and can contribute to the critical aim of integrating prevention with treatment and care. Once an AIDS-defining illness occurs, the average time to death seems to be similar across countries, reported at approximately 12 to 18 months in Uganda and the United States Carre and others The virus can enter your body through mouth sores or small tears that sometimes develop in the rectum or vagina during sexual activity. General Prevention Guidelines by Type of Epidemic Generally, it is more important to change the behavior of people who have high levels of risk behavior than it is to change that of people with lower levels of risk behavior. Pepin beings the book with the origins of AIDS, debunking the popular claims which spread throughout the United States. The evidence supporting the cost-effectiveness of needle exchange programs in high-income countries is strong. Therefore, people who have recently been at risk of contracting HIV should get tested immediately. The advent of primary prophylaxis and treatment for opportunistic infections, including tuberculosis, prolonged survival to a limited extent but did nothing to restore immune function. However, there is no avoiding the fact that nearly 37 million people are living with this disease and new pockets of infection are being discovered every day. Now, in , we know from bitter experience that AIDS is caused by the virus HIV, and that it can devastate families, communities and whole continents. Palliative Care Palliative care has traditionally focused on patients in the terminal stages of disease.
However, little has been published in relation to developing countries, partly because these programs have not been as widely implemented as hoped. The epidemic is stunting progress in rural development and causing significant increases in rural poverty and destitution in the countries most affected by the epidemic Bonnard Even inefficient use of condoms by seroconcordant couples is likely to be highly cost-effective because of the reduction in other STIs, cervical cancer, and unwanted pregnancies.
Project on aids
This can happen during the pregnancy, during childbirth or, later, during breast feeding. In , 24 million people in Africa were reported to be living with HIV. The evidence supporting the cost-effectiveness of needle exchange programs in high-income countries is strong. Box The Office of HIV Planning in Philadelphia focuses on the needs of the population, conducts community outreaches and educational sessions. Treatment of Opportunistic Infections and Secondary Prophylaxis Even as the availability of antiretroviral therapy increases in many developing countries, appropriate diagnosis and management of life-threatening opportunistic infections, including HIV-associated cancers, remain the most important aspects of the care of patients with HIV disease. Add to this the fact that activities associated with sex work such as running a brothel are illegal, gay and bisexual men face social stigma if they come out, drug addicts are generally reviled and transgender people are looked down upon and you have the perfect combination of circumstances that breed an epidemic. ART does not cure HIV infection but suppresses viral replication within a person's body and allows an individual's immune system to strengthen and regain the capacity to fight off infections. Thanks to various myths and misconceptions about the syndrome, the virus spread like wildfire and infected millions of people before it could be contained. It has proven to be a universally fatal illness. In the absence of studies to guide the level of investment in IEC, the only reasonable alternative seems to be to implement IEC on the basis of data derived from relative levels of knowledge and understanding in the population.
The countrywide successes discussed in boxes However, these benefits in relation to reduced transmission may be offset by a "disinhibition" of risk behavior that is associated with greater availability of antiretroviral therapy, by the spread of drug-resistant HIV, or by increases in the incidence of exposure to partners with HIV infection because of increased survival.
These conditions include infections, drug reactions, scabies, pressure sores, and cancers. Work on the cost-effectiveness of peer-based interventions in developing countries has been minimal.
However, more efforts are needed to scale up treatment, particularly for children and adolescents.
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