Intensive and organic farming

It requires close attention to the land itself and the crops, rather than the standard mode of farming which is to plant cash crops at the highest yield possible.

Advantages and disadvantages of intensive farming

The human landscapes of rice cultivation in terraces that follow the natural contours of the escarpments, like contour ploughing , are a classic feature of the island of Bali and the Banaue Rice Terraces in Banaue, Ifugao , Philippines. Farmers can sow crops such as clover as cover to suppress weeds and return organic matter to the soil, and rotate crops, including vegetables such as legumes that fix nitrogen. The animals must all be free range which means they are not crammed in to one building together. Concentrations of DDT in birds causes weakness in their eggs, and reduces their population. Examples include growing tomatoes in glasshouses and salmon in fish farms. One of the main problems is that although these chemicals work in the short term, they do not just disappear and stay in the food that we eat. Peatlands, which around the world have been grossly degraded, can also be managed organically through paludiculture. Because there are so many in the same place they are ALL fed antibiotics that only a few of them may need! Alternatives to pesticides Biological control is an alternative to using pesticides. Organic dairy farming systems caused at least one-third more soil loss and take up twice as much land as conventional dairy farming. Instead he uses manure, kitchen waste and compost. Organic lobby reaction But the Soil Association SA has disputed the findings of the study and pointed to previous studies that suggest organic farming is better for the environment.

Organic farming has long been considered more environmentally friendly than intensive, conventional farming. Although the scientists found the data is limited, they concluded that many high-yield systems are less damaging to the environment and use less land.

Main article: Terrace agriculture In agriculturea terrace is a leveled section of a hilly cultivated area, designed as a method of soil conservation to slow or prevent the rapid surface runoff of irrigation water.

organic farming practices

The human landscapes of rice cultivation in terraces that follow the natural contours of the escarpments, like contour ploughingare a classic feature of the island of Bali and the Banaue Rice Terraces in Banaue, IfugaoPhilippines.

Remove competing plants from the crop growing area Herbicide spray Allows more energy to be transferred to the crop Reduces biodiversity and may have harmful effect on health Remove animals that feed on the crop Pesticide spray Prevents energy being transferred from the crop to consumers Reduces biodiversity and may poison helpful organisms Keep animals indoors Reduces energy transferred to environment so more energy available for growth Increased risk of disease, lower quality product, ethical concerns The effects of insecticides Some insecticides don't break down quickly.

This is where, through science, a tomato can have a gene from fish added to it to make it have a longer shelf life. However, while total yield per acre is often increased dramatically, yields of any single crop often diminish. In Peruthe Inca made use of otherwise unusable slopes by building drystone walls to create terraces.

intensive vs organic farming
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