The term "integrated" was thus synonymous with "compatible. Supervised control was based on knowledge of the ecology and analysis of projected trends in pest and natural-enemy populations. These thresholds are pest and site specific, meaning that it may be acceptable at one site to have a weed such as white cloverbut not at another site.
Under this scheme, insect control was "supervised" by qualified entomologists and insecticide applications were based on conclusions reached from periodic monitoring of pest and natural-enemy populations.
IPM can be used to manage all kinds of pests anywhere—in urban, agricultural, and wildland or natural areas. In one plot, each farmer grew rice using their usual amounts of seed and fertilizer, applying pesticide as they chose.
Integrated pest management, or IPM, is a process you can use to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to people and the environment.
Integrated pest management employs a variety of actions including cultural controls such as physical barriers, biological controls such as adding and conserving natural predators and enemies of the pest, and finally chemical controls or pesticides.
They include: conservation of natural predators or augmentation of natural predators, sterile insect technique SIT. Similarly, the repeated use of a single class of controls will create pest populations that are more resistant to that class, whereas alternating among classes helps prevent this.
Matching the application technique to the crop, the pest, and the pesticide is critical. Chemical insecticides were to be used in the manner least disruptive to biological control.