While a number of laws had been passed to prevent or limit the destruction of natural resources, the majority of this legislation was not enforced or lacked the teeth necessary to make a significant difference.
However, by the revenue from income taxes greatly exceeded receipts from the tariff. Concrete was first used inand expanded until it became the dominant surfacing material in the s. Byonly about 25 percent of the huge timber preserves were still standing.
The American Association for Highway Improvement was organized in The currency system was very inelastic, with most reserves concentrated in New York and a few other large cities.
As the industrial revolution took hold of the American economy and as mass production, alienation, and urbanization appeared to be unstoppable trends, Americans looked for solutions that could soften the effects of change without slowing down the engines of progress.
This new system also issued Federal Reserve Notes, paper currency that quickly allowed the government to adjust the flow of money, which are still in use today.
The ratification of the Progressive presidents amendment inwhich recognized women's suffrage was the last amendment during the progressive era. The Volstead Act, defined intoxicating as having alcohol content greater than 0.
Roosevelt encouraged Congress to take action to address these abuses, and in they passed the Elkins Act, which levied heavy fines on companies that engaged in illegal rebating.
Emboldened by his successes, President Wilson turned his attention to the trusts. A Progressive Democrat Teddy Roosevelt challenged Taft for the Republican nomination insplitting the party wide open. The winning Democrat, Woodrow Wilson, embraced much of the Progressive agenda himself.
It pitted the minority urban Catholic population against the larger rural Protestant element, and Progressivism's rise in the rural communities was aided in part by the general increase in public consciousness of social issues of the temperance movementwhich achieved national success with the passage of the 18th Amendment by Congress in lateand the ratification by three-fourths of the states in